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I remember applying for my first credit card. I felt so official filling out all those little boxes and picturing the day my shiny new card would arrive in the mail.
But when the form asked for my annual income, I paused. I was fresh out of college and earning minimum wage. I wasn’t expecting this question, and had no clue whether I’d even qualify.
“What is a good annual income for a credit card?” I wondered. “Can I lie about income on a credit card application?” (Side note: I didn’t lie, and I did get the card.)
Fast forward a decade, and I’ve now completed many more credit card applications. Here’s what I wish I’d known when submitting that very first one.
Credit card issuers aren’t just trying to snoop — the truth is they’re legally obligated to ask for your income, according to the Credit CARD Act of 2009.
While the law doesn’t indicate a specific income requirement, it does state that banks can only lend you money if they’re confident you can make your monthly payments. And to do that, they need to know how much money you’re earning.
Aside from fulfilling their legal duties, your income levels also help credit card companies decide how high your credit limits should be. Because, like the government, they want to ensure you can pay your bills, and part of this means not extending you more credit than is warranted.
Say your annual salary works out to about $5,000 per month. With that amount, a $2,500 credit line seems reasonable — even if you maxed it out, you’d be able to pay it off in full each month. (Which we always recommend to avoid interest and help improve your credit scores!)
But if your take-home salary is $2,000 per month, a $2,500 credit line would probably be way too much. You’d be at greater risk of defaulting on your card than in the first scenario.
Keep in mind that different card issuers have different standards for creditworthiness. American Express might feel comfortable giving you higher credit limits than Chase, for instance (this is just an example; American Express won’t necessarily give you higher limits than Chase).
If your current credit card issuer asks for your income, it may be considering a credit limit increase. While you’re not required to share your income with the issuer of a card you already have, it could be a good thing. The bigger your credit limit, the more available credit you’ll have. If you get a larger limit — and don’t increase your spending — you’ll reduce your credit utilization and could ultimately boost your credit scores. That said, you should only pursue this option if you can resist the temptation to spend more.
Alternatively, if things aren’t going so well financially, the card issuer could be considering lowering your credit limit or closing your account altogether. But it doesn’t have to ask for your income first before it does.
If you’re over 21, you can count any sources of income to which you have “reasonable expectation of access,” including:
If you live with a partner or spouse, you can also count his or her income toward your “household income,” thanks to a Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) amendment in 2012.
On the other hand, if you’re under 21, you can only count “personal income” from your job, scholarships, or grants. You can’t include your parents’ income unless they cosign for the credit card (which is usually not recommended). And we also wouldn’t recommend counting your student loans, because they’re another form of debt — and in most cases they don’t qualify as income.
Sometimes, credit card issuers ask for a specific type of income, and other times, they keep it vague. So determining which number to scribble in the income box can be confusing.
Here are a few terms you might see when asked for your annual income on credit card applications:
Don’t lie about your income, but don’t stress if you can’t figure out an exact number. You don’t need to bust out a calculator and add up every paycheck from the past year. Just give your best estimate — and be honest. While you could get into trouble if you knowingly inflate your income by a large amount, you’ll be fine if you’re a little bit off.
If you’re paid hourly, multiply your wage by the number of hours you work each week and the number of weeks you work each year. For example, if you earn $12 per hour and work 35 hours per week for 50 weeks each year, your gross annual income would be $21,000 ($12 x 35 x 50).
Sorry if you’re looking for a magic number, but there’s no mandated total annual income for credit card approval. Credit card issuers look at a range of information, which we’ll review further below.
One important factor — which you can calculate yourself — is your debt-to-income ratio, also known as your DTI.
For the best chance of being approved for a credit card, you want this number as low as possible. The CFPB says people with a DTI of more than 43% can’t qualify for a mortgage, for example, although this doesn’t apply to credit cards (there is no specific DTI value for credit card approval).
In addition to your income, credit card issuers may ask for the balances of your checking and savings accounts, the amount of your monthly housing payment, and the name and phone number of your employer.
Since income doesn’t show up on your credit reports, most credit card issuers don’t actually verify your income. For low lines of credit, it’s not worth their time or money.
Issuers may employ “income modeling,” which uses information from your credit reports to estimate your income, or they may conduct a “financial review” if you submit several credit card applications in a short amount of time or exhibit suspicious behavior.
Some card issuers which serve people with bad credit or limited credit, like Deserve, may also require access to your bank account to check the balance themselves. This is because they want to ensure that people with less-than-great credit have the ability to pay their debts, and typical credit scoring systems won’t provide this information.
Issuers reportedly might also check that your income makes sense in the context of your employment. They’re probably not, however, going to call your employer or the IRS.
But that doesn’t mean you should lie on your credit card application. Technically, doing so would amount to loan fraud, a serious crime — and could land you hefty fines or even jail time.
The most likely consequence of lying is you’ll end up with a higher credit limit than you can manage.
That could lead you to rack up high-interest credit card debt you can’t pay back. And, if you eventually declare bankruptcy, those lies could prevent you from receiving discharges of your debt.
In other words? Tell the truth.
A recent Credit Card Insider survey revealed that 61% of Americans believe income directly impacts your credit scores. It doesn’t. However, your credit limits do affect your utilization ratio, which means your income may play an indirect role in the scoring process.
It’s tough to answer the question “What should my credit limit be based on income?” because so many different factors are involved, including:
To give you a ballpark range, here are the average credit limits for various scores, according to CNN Money and Experian:
|Credit Score||Credit Limit|
As you can see, the higher your scores, the higher your credit limit generally is. Having a higher income and low DTI will also help.
If you’re trying to apply for a credit card without income, we’ve got some bad news: They don’t really exist.
It’s virtually impossible to get a credit card with no annual income. Your best option would be to explore secured credit cards. These require you to pay an upfront deposit that, in most cases, then serves as your credit limit.
Before applying for one of these, though, ask yourself how you’ll pay the bill each month.
If you have no income, and plan to rack up charges without paying them off, we’d urge you to avoid credit cards altogether. Because of their high interest rates, they’re an extremely unforgiving form of loan.
Case in point: Even if you somehow managed to get an 18% APR credit card with a $1,000 limit, and then maxed it out and only made the minimum payments, you’d spend $798 in extra interest, and it would take you ten years to pay off. Um, thanks but no thanks.
Instead of looking at credit cards as an emergency fund, focus on repaying debt and increasing your income. Then, when you’re ready, apply for one of the best credit cards available that’s right for your particular situation.
Card issuers are legally obligated to ask for your income, as they can only lend you money if they’re confident you can make your payments. You can include several types of income. A higher income will generally help your approval odds and allow for higher credit limits.
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